© Fabrizio Zucchi 2011, EOS 3
Sometimes you can move to higher ground and shoot down on a landscape. In towns you might be able to climb a bell tower, or shoot from the roof of a multi-storey car park. Look around for the opportunities other people will miss.
Near and far
Photographs can look dull if there is no sense of scale or depth. One way to overcome this, and add interest to the image, is with a foreground subject.
Imagine you are on a beach photographing the cliffs across the bay. If you stand while taking the picture, the foreground will probably look fairly empty. But by laying down on the sand and including a small rock, or a piece of seaweed as a foreground subject you will add greater depth and produce a more dynamic scene.
Many new IXUS and PowerShot cameras feature a Miniature Effect mode. This gives a very small depth of field (the area that is in focus) which gives the impression of miniaturisation.